The forgotten miracle plant It is almost impossible to imagine that a plant with so many different
application options has fallen into oblivion. Disowned by the cotton,
paper and oil (plastic) industry, Cannabis, or Hemp was placed on the list of
narcotic drugs and came into such a negative light that almost no one
wanted to be associated with it. Fortunately, this has changed in recent
years. More and more people are gradually realizing that the plant has
endless sustainable and healthy applications.
History Hemp is one of the oldest cultivated plants and has been in use for
around 12 thousand years for the production of textiles, paper, food and
medicines. In 1937, however, the Du Pont family patented certain
procedures to make plastic from oil and to make paper pulp from wood.
When the Opium Act was introduced, hemp was also placed on the 'black
list' of narcotic drugs. From 1945 the cultivation was completely
prohibited. Where in the past paper and rope were still made from hemp,
cotton and plastic eagerly took their position on the market.
The word 'weed' describes it well: hemp is actually a type of weed. It grows almost everywhere, super-fast so that other plants have no chance.
Cotton is a widely accepted textile for the production of clothing. However, hemp has many advantages in terms of water, chemicals and land. In summary:
Cotton needs 10-15 thousand liters of water to grow on the land, and hemp only a few hundred liters.
Cotton needs an awful lot of insecticides and pecticides. Hemp is simply strong, growing up against everything.
The amount of fiber that you can grow per hectare of hemp is about double that of cotton, so you also save a lot of land.
Hemp seed contains high levels of unsaturated fatty acids. Omega6 is present for approximately 50%, omega3 for approximately 20%. These are two essential fatty acids that our body cannot make itself but that it needs. Hemp also contains a lot of gamma-linolenic acid (or GLA), about 2-6%. This is a long unsaturated fatty acid that does not occur in many oils. Hemp seed is therefore preferable to fish oil, especially in view of the heavy metals (mercury) which nowadays occur in all oily fish due to pollution. The proteins are also made up of all 9 essential amino acids that people need. Because of these easily digestible proteins, it is a valuable protein supplier and therefore not only a good meat substitute, but also for soy.